About the Author

Milton Guran has a PhD in anthropology from EHESS (France, 1996), a post-doctorate from the University of São Paulo (2004-2005), and a master’s degree in social communication from the University of Brasília (1991).  A professional photographer, he was one of the founders of the AGIL photojournalism agency (Brasília, 1980). The main subject of his photography from 1978 to 1992 was indigenous peoples, during which time (from 1986 to 1989) he was also employed as a photographer at Museu do Índio. In 1991, he was awarded a Vitae arts grant for his project Conflict and Resistance of the Indigenous People in the Amazon, and on two occasions he has won the Marc Ferrez photography prize. His work has been included in several public and private collections, including Museu de Arte de São Paulo Assis Chateaubriand (Pirelli/MASP collection), Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro, Museu de Arte do Rio, and Maison Européenne de la Photographie.

Since 1992, Milton Guran has devoted his research efforts to historical Brazil-Africa relations, especially with Benin and Togo. In 2016, his project Agudas Archive (Acervo Agudás) – available on this website – won funding from the Rumos Itaú Cultural program.

Milton Guran has published extensively, including Agoudas – Les “Brésiliens” du Benin [Agudas – the “Brazilians” of Benin] (Paris: La Dispute, 2010), Agudás – os brasileiros do Benim [Agudas – the Brazilians of Benin] (Rio de Janeiro: Ed. Nova Fronteira, 2000), and Linguagem fotográfica e informação [Photographic Language and Information] (Rio de Janeiro: Ed. Gama Filho, 2002, 3rd edition). He also co-authored the Inventory of the Places of Memory of the Transatlantic Slave Trade and the History of Enslaved Africans in Brazil together with Hebe Mattos and Martha Abreu at the Federal Fluminense University, Niterói, Brazil.

Since 2006, Milton has been an associate researcher at the Laboratory of Oral History and Image at the Federal Fluminense University, Brazil, where he has taken part in the following research projects: Afro-Brazilian Memories, Identities, and Alterities in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: Images and Sounds of Remembrance (2008 – 2011), with funding from the Rio de Janeiro state research funding agency, Faperj (Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro); Sounds and Images of Remembrance: Narratives and Records of Afro-Brazilian Identities and Alterities in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (2011-2013), with funding from the national funding agency CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico); and Public History, Memory, and Atlantic Slavery in Rio de Janeiro (2013-2017), with funding from Faperj, all coordinated by Prof. Ana Maria Mauad. He was a visiting professor at the Department of History, Federal Fluminense University, in 2012-2013.

Milton Guran is presently serving as the vice-president of the International Scientific Committee of the UNESCO project The Slave Route: Resistance, Liberty, Heritage. As a consultant for the Brazilian heritage protection agency, IPHAN, he coordinated the working group responsible for preparing the World Heritage nomination dossier for Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site, in Rio de Janeiro. As a result, the property was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in July 2017.